Early Years

Planning will be based on the Early Years Foundation Stage curriculum, working towards the Early Learning Goals, covering the seven areas of learning – Personal, Social and Emotional Development, Physical Development, Communication and Language, Maths, Literacy, Understanding the World, and Expressive Arts and Design as well as children’s interests, building on what the children already know, observation and assessment.

Personal, Social and Emotional Development

We aim to create an environment where the children become eager to explore new learning opportunities. We encourage them to take an active part in solving simple practical problems and to initiate ideas, to concentrate and persevere in their learning. We want the children to become confident and show appropriate self-respect and provide them with the opportunity to establish successful relationships with other children and adults.

We help them to become independent by selecting their own activities and resources. As the children get older we encourage them to fasten their own coats and be aware of the need and routines for personal hygiene.

We give the children the opportunity to share and take turns fairly, to express their feelings and to develop an understanding of what is right and wrong. We encourage the children to be sensitive to the needs and feelings of others and to treat living things, property and their environment with care and concern.

Physical Development

Gross motor skills will develop in the playground with use of the climbing frame, large construction bricks, wheeled toys, balls, hoops etc. Daily use of the playground will provide well-planned physical activities that are both adult and child initiated.

Fine motor skills will be developed by use of tools and toys in many areas as previously described. By using chalks, scissors, paintbrushes and construction toys the skills will develop naturally.

Communication and Language

We encourage the children to communicate their thoughts, feelings and ideas to an adult and to each other, to participate in speaking and listening activities where they learn to take turns in conversation.

We use songs and rhymes in our everyday routines and encourage repetition, rhythm and rhyme by through tone and intonation and our choice of stories and songs. We help to extend vocabulary and model building sentences and give children thinking time to initiate discussion with peers and adults.


They will share and enjoy a wide range of rhymes, poetry, stories and non-fiction books, in group situations and alone or with peers in a child friendly book area. They will learn to treat books with care.

We provide the opportunity for emergent writing in role-play activities, learning that writing has many different purposes e.g. shopping lists, letters etc.


We will introduce the children to number rhymes, songs, stories and counting games. They will play freely with sorting materials and have the opportunity to use number vocabulary.

We will discuss the days of the week and the time of day. Each day they will have access to malleable substances such as play dough and gloop where qualities, colours and properties can be experienced.

They will play freely with a variety of mathematical equipment such as weighing scales, calculators and measuring tools, discovering their uses with each other and adults.

Everyday words to describe relative position (down, up, behind, in front of etc.) will be used in play experiences.

Understanding the World

To ensure that the children progress in this area the children will have the chance to investigate a variety of objects and materials by using their senses where appropriate. They will be encouraged to ask questions about why things happen and how things work.

Children will have access to a computer with a variety of CD-ROMs.

Using a variety of construction toys they will be able to create and build models in their play. Cutting, sticking and joining is available daily.

Recent and present events in their own lives will be shared with adults and peers. They will be encouraged to portray this in drawing and painting as well as in role-play situations.

Expressive Arts and Design

This will be encouraged with drawing, painting, collage, role-play opportunities and music. They will have the opportunity to experiment with a variety of tools and materials from chalk to pencils, making a variety of marks including straight and curved lines.

All children will have the opportunity to discover the tactile quality of paint and learn about making marks with paint.

With collage they will play with a range of materials experiencing colour, texture and surface.

There will be junk materials available. The children will have the opportunity to join them with glue and sticky tape to create 3 dimensional models of their own design.

Children will have access to different role play areas such as home corner, hospital and shop. This supports all areas of the curriculum, enriching and building on children’s life experiences.

In the area of music they will experience moving to a variety of music and rhythms and to use their voices at different pitches in rhymes and songs. They will learn names and sounds of a variety of simple instruments and have first hand experience in creating their own sounds.

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